High-Voltage Measurement Technology and NVH in mobile Testing
Electrification of the vehicle powertrain poses major challenges for the interaction of the individual components.
Influencing factors include the high-voltage electrical system and its connected assemblies, new materials, and the elimination of masking noise sources. With synchronous acquisition of NVH and powertrain performance data, it is possible to take a holistic view of development issues and efficiently address conflicting goals between acoustics and performance.
The move towards electromobility is changing the requirements for powertrain engineering and testing. New materials and technologies as well as a multitude of high-voltage components are leading to new acoustic and vibration-related challenges. The development of new, high-performance electric vehicles requires innovative, holistic engineering and testing. For the development, a measurement system is required that combines both e-mobility power analyses and NVH analyses.
Testing and engineering tasks must be solved quickly and efficiently. For this purpose, highly specialized systems are available for a wide variety of tasks, whose data streams have not been recorded synchronously, until now, and thus require time-consuming, manual post-processing of the data.
Individual tasks are often processed one after the other. This blocks test bench capacities and human resources for longer.
Today’s electric vehicles, their high-voltage electrical systems and their components are complex and compact. The measurement of currents and voltages must be HV-safe in shielded high-voltage power cables and confined installation spaces. At the same time, data from accelerometers, microphones and/or other sensors must also be acquired. This means an increased number of measurement points and a significantly higher amount of raw data to be processed.
To enable high-precision acquisition of dynamic data at high operating voltages and currents, a future-oriented system solution is required. With CSM as a new partner of the PAK live ecosystem from Müller-BBM VibroAkustik Systeme (MBBM-VAS), the data acquisition side is extended by CSM’s specialty in mobile, robust, and compact measurement data acquisition in both low-voltage and high-voltage applications. With this HV measurement technology for electric powertrains, real currents and voltages can be acquired and evaluated synchronously with other dynamic data in real time during operation.
For this purpose, the CSM measurement technology is placed directly in the high-voltage electrical system of electric and hybrid vehicles at the individual consumers that need to be evaluated. Each measurement module is compact, robust, and interference-free for HV and LV environments.
The sensors and microphones used for vibroacoustic analyses are connected directly to CSM’s ECAT (EtherCAT®) MiniModules.
The HV Breakout Modules used in the high-voltage electrical system simultaneously measure currents, voltages, and power directly from the inner conductor of the HV power cables. All modules used are networked via EtherCAT® and thus synchronized better than 1 μs. The CSM measurement modules are configured with CSM’s own software, CSMconfig.
The measurement chain is connected to the PAK live.hub of the MBBM-VAS via a CSM XCP-Gateway and the CSMmeasure.server software module. All CSM modules continuously send the data stream to the PAK live.hub, which dynamically distributes the data stream as a data hub.
In addition to the E-NVH/E-Power analyses, such as
- d/q Transformation
- Modulation Analysis
- Torque Ripple
- Rotor positions from resolver / encoder data
- Frequency / Order analysis for PWM fans
- Sound Design and psychoacoustic parameters
- Electrical and mechanical performance
- Electrical cycle
comprehensive analyses in the areas of structure, rotation, and sound quality can be performed with PAK.
- Fast, mobile measurements with robust measurement technology for the validation of acoustic and power phenomena
- High-voltage-safe, PTP-synchronous data acquisition of analog and digital measurement variables with up to 1 MHz sampling directly at the relevant sources
- Distributed, compact measurement setup for reliable data acquisition especially in confined spaces and harsh environments
- Direct measurement of current, shield current, voltage, and power in high-voltage power cables
- Current, voltage and power measurement in electrical powertrains with synchronized NVH analysis for correlation of acoustic and electrical phenomena
- Real-time analysis of the measurement data stream
- Powerful graphical reporting online & offline
- Increased added value around measurement data through context-aware engineering
- Integrated measurement data management based on cloud technologies